Development of siloxane-based amphiphiles as cell stabilizers for porous shape memory polymer systems

Sayyeda M. Hasan, Alexandra D. Easley, Mary Beth Browning Monroe, Duncan J. Maitland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Hypothesis: Polyurethane foaming surfactants are cell stabilized at the polymer-gas interface during foam blowing to prevent bubble coalescence. Siloxane-based surfactants are typically used to generate a surface tension gradient at the interface. The chemical structure of the hydrophobic and hydrophilic units affects surfactant properties, which can further influence foam morphology. Experiments: Siloxane-polyethylene glycol (PEG) ether amphiphiles were synthesized in high yield via hydrosilylation to serve as surfactants for shape memory polymer (SMP) foams. Hydrophobic units consisted of trisiloxane and polydimethyl siloxane, and PEG allyl methyl ether (n = 8 or 25) was the hydrophilic component. Upon confirming successful synthesis of the surfactants, their surface tension was measured to study their suitability for use in foaming. SMP foams were synthesized using the four surfactants, and the effects of surfactant structure and concentration on foam morphology were evaluated. Findings: Spectroscopic data confirmed successful siloxane-PEG coupling. All surfactants had a low surface tension of 20-21 mN/m, indicating their ability to reduce interfacial tension. SMP foams were successfully fabricated with tunable cell size and morphology as a function of surfactant type and concentration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)334-343
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Colloid And Interface Science
StatePublished - Sep 15 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Amphiphiles
  • Cell stabilizers
  • Polyurethane foam
  • Shape memory polymers
  • Silicone surfactants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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