Development of radiation tolerant semiconductor detectors for the Super-LHC

M. Moll, J. Adey, A. Al-Ajili, G. Alfieri, P. P. Allport, M. Artuso, S. Assouak, B. S. Avset, L. Barabash, A. Barcz, R. Bates, S. F. Biagi, G. M. Bilei, D. Bisello, A. Blue, A. Blumenau, V. Boisvert, G. Bolla, G. Bondarenko, E. BorchiL. Borrello, D. Bortoletto, M. Boscardin, L. Bosisio, T. J.V. Bowcock, T. J. Brodbeck, J. Broz, M. Bruzzi, A. Brzozowski, M. Buda, P. Buhmann, C. Buttar, F. Campabadal, D. Campbell, A. Candelori, G. Casse, A. Cavallini, S. Charron, A. Chilingarov, D. Chren, V. Cindro, P. Collins, R. Coluccia, D. Contarato, J. Coutinho, D. Creanza, W. Cunningham, G. F. Dalla Betta, I. Dawson, W. de Boer, M. De Palma, R. Demina, P. Dervan, S. Dittongo, Z. Dolezal, A. Dolgolenko, T. Eberlein, V. Eremin, C. Fall, F. Fasolo, F. Fizzotti, C. Fleta, E. Focardi, E. Forton, E. Fretwurst, C. Garcia, J. E. Garcia-Navarro, E. Gaubas, M. H. Genest, K. A. Gill, K. Giolo, M. Glaser, C. Goessling, V. Golovine, S. González Sevilla, I. Gorelov, J. Goss, A. Gouldwell Bates, G. Grégoire, P. Gregori, E. Grigoriev, A. A. Grillo, A. Groza, J. Guskov, L. Haddad, J. Härkönen, F. Hauler, M. Hoeferkamp, F. Hönniger, T. Horazdovsky, R. Horisberger, M. Horn, A. Houdayer, B. Hourahine, G. Hughes, I. Ilyashenko, K. Irmscher, A. Ivanov, K. Jarasiunas, K. M.H. Johansen, B. K. Jones, R. Jones, C. Joram, L. Jungermann, E. Kalinina, P. Kaminski, A. Karpenko, A. Karpov, V. Kazlauskiene, V. Kazukauskas, V. Khivrich, V. Khomenkov, J. Kierstead, J. Klaiber-Lodewigs, R. Klingenberg, P. Kodys, Z. Kohout, S. Korjenevski, M. Koski, R. Kozlowski, M. Kozodaev, G. Kramberger, O. Krasel, A. Kuznetsov, S. Kwan, S. Lagomarsino, K. Lassila-Perini, V. Lastovetsky, G. Latino, S. Lazanu, I. Lazanu, A. Lebedev, C. Lebel, K. Leinonen, C. Leroy, Z. Li, G. Lindström, V. Linhart, A. Litovchenko, P. Litovchenko, A. Lo Giudice, M. Lozano, Z. Luczynski, P. Luukka, A. Macchiolo, L. F. Makarenko, I. Mandić, C. Manfredotti, N. Manna, S. Marti i Garcia, S. Marunko, K. Mathieson, J. Melone, D. Menichelli, A. Messineo, J. Metcalfe, S. Miglio, M. Mikuž, J. Miyamoto, E. Monakhov, F. Moscatelli, D. Naoumov, E. Nossarzewska-Orlowska, J. Nysten, P. Olivero, V. Oshea, T. Palviainen, C. Paolini, C. Parkes, D. Passeri, U. Pein, G. Pellegrini, L. Perera, M. Petasecca, C. Piemonte, G. U. Pignatel, N. Pinho, I. Pintilie, L. Pintilie, L. Polivtsev, P. Polozov, A. Popa, J. Popule, S. Pospisil, A. Pozza, V. Radicci, J. M. Raf́, R. Rando, R. Roeder, T. Rohe, S. Ronchin, C. Rott, A. Roy, A. Ruzin, H. F.W. Sadrozinski, S. Sakalauskas, M. Scaringella, L. Schiavulli, S. Schnetzer, B. Schumm, S. Sciortino, A. Scorzoni, G. Segneri, S. Seidel, A. Seiden, G. Sellberg, P. Sellin, D. Sentenac, I. Shipsey, P. Sicho, T. Sloan, M. Solar, S. Son, B. Sopko, V. Sopko, N. Spencer, J. Stahl, D. Stolze, R. Stone, J. Storasta, N. Strokan, M. Sudzius, B. Surma, A. Suvorov, B. G. Svensson, P. Tipton, M. Tomasek, A. Tsvetkov, E. Tuominen, E. Tuovinen, T. Tuuva, M. Tylchin, H. Uebersee, J. Uher, M. Ullán, J. V. Vaitkus, J. Velthuis, E. Verbitskaya, V. Vrba, G. Wagner, I. Wilhelm, S. Worm, V. Wright, R. Wunstorf, Y. Yiuri, P. Zabierowski, A. Zaluzhny, M. Zavrtanik, M. Zen, V. Zhukov, N. Zorzi

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

The envisaged upgrade of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN towards the Super-LHC (SLHC) with a 10 times increased luminosity of 1035 cm-2 s-1 will present severe challenges for the tracking detectors of the SLHC experiments. Unprecedented high radiation levels and track densities and a reduced bunch crossing time in the order of 10 ns as well as the need for cost effective detectors have called for an intensive R&D program. The CERN RD50 collaboration "Development of Radiation Hard Semiconductor Devices for Very High Luminosity Colliders" is working on the development of semiconductor sensors matching the requirements of the SLHC. Sensors based on defect engineered silicon like Czochralski, epitaxial and oxygen enriched silicon have been developed. With 3D, Semi-3D and thin detectors new detector concepts have been evaluated and a study on the use of standard and oxygen enriched p-type silicon detectors revealed a promising approach for radiation tolerant cost effective devices. These and other most recent advancements of the RD50 collaboration are presented.

Keywords

  • Defect engineering
  • Radiation damage
  • SLHC
  • Semiconductor detectors
  • Silicon particle detectors
  • Super-LHC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

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    Moll, M., Adey, J., Al-Ajili, A., Alfieri, G., Allport, P. P., Artuso, M., Assouak, S., Avset, B. S., Barabash, L., Barcz, A., Bates, R., Biagi, S. F., Bilei, G. M., Bisello, D., Blue, A., Blumenau, A., Boisvert, V., Bolla, G., Bondarenko, G., ... Zorzi, N. (2005). Development of radiation tolerant semiconductor detectors for the Super-LHC. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 546(1-2), 99-107. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2005.03.044