Development and validation of the Adolescent Racial and Ethnic Socialization Scale (ARESS) in African American families

Tiffany L. Brown, Ambika Krishnakumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

Racial and ethnic socialization are an integral part of African American parenting strategies. Varied conceptualizations and operationalizations of racial and ethnic socialization exist within the literature with limited evidence of the validity of existing measures. The purpose of this study is to develop a comprehensive definition of racial and ethnic socialization and to validate a new measure termed the Adolescent Racial and Ethnic Socialization Scale (ARESS). Using Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA), findings from 218 African American adolescents (grades 9-12) support the multidimensional nature of racial and ethnic socialization. Results also indicate that racial and ethnic socialization are distinct constructs reflecting the utility of this instrument for African American youth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1072-1085
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Youth and Adolescence
Volume36
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2007

Keywords

  • Adolescent Racial and Ethnic Socialization Scale (ARESS)
  • African American adolescents
  • African American parenting
  • Confirmatory factor analysis
  • Ethnic socialization
  • Racial socialization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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