Determinants and outcomes of volunteer satisfaction in mega sports events

Daehwan Kim, Chanmin Park, Hany Kim, Jeeyoon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


The role of volunteers is an important factor for the sustainability of mega sports events. Key issues in the literature on sports event volunteers are volunteer satisfaction and its determinants and outcomes. Therefore, the purpose of the current study was to investigate the effects of the fulfillment of volunteers' psychological needs and Volunteer Management Practices (VMP) on overall volunteer satisfaction, and to test their conditional effects depending on volunteer involvement. Additionally, the present study aimed to examine the effects of volunteer satisfaction on future volunteer activity, word-of-mouth, and host city visitation. For these purposes, a survey was conducted with 2442 volunteers in the context of the 2018 PyeongChangWinter Olympics in South Korea. The results of a Latent Moderated Structural Equation (LMS) revealed that the fulfillment of volunteers' general needs and volunteer satisfaction with the VMP have positive effects on overall volunteer satisfaction. Interestingly, these effects were differently moderated by the level of volunteer involvement. Overall volunteer satisfaction was found to positively affect future volunteering intention, spreading positive words regarding sports event volunteering, and intention to visit the host city as tourists. In conclusion, sports event managers need to design an optimal work environment that can fulfill volunteers' psychological needs and improve VMP to enhance the sustainability of mega sports events.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1859
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019


  • Involvement
  • Mega sports events
  • Re-participation intention
  • Revisit intention
  • Satisfaction
  • Volunteers psychological needs
  • Word of mouth intention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Building and Construction
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


Dive into the research topics of 'Determinants and outcomes of volunteer satisfaction in mega sports events'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this