Deformation processing of PMMA into high‐strength fibers

C. A. Buckley, E. P. Lautenschlager, J. L. Gilbert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Poly(methyl methacrylate) was drawn into fibers by melt extrusion followed immediately by a transient temperature drawing process. By varying five processing variables, fibers ranging from 0.635 mm to 25 μm in diameter were produced. Heat‐induced relaxation of the aligned structure was used to determine the draw ratio of the resultant fibers and therefore the degree of polymer chain alignment imposed by the deformation process. The resulting changes in length and diameter were measured and it was found that draw ratios of 5–20 had been achieved under the varying processing conditions. It was also observed that fiber diameter immediately after drawing is a good predictor of the degree of orientation present in the fiber irrespective of the processing conditions. To test the effect molecular orientation has on material properties, fibers with varying degrees of orientation were tested in tension. As expected, increasing alignment resulted in increasing tensile strength. The maximum observed true ultimate tensile strength was 225 ± 53 MPa and was seen in fibers with a draw ratio equal to 18.7 ± 4.5. Fibers with a lower degree of alignment, while not as strong in tension, exhibited significantly increased ductility. True strains of as high as 25% were observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1321-1330
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume44
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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