Decision Making with Differential Privacy under a Fairness Lens

Cuong Tran, Ferdinando Fioretto, Pascal Van Hentenryck, Zhiyan Yao

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many agencies release datasets and statistics about groups of individuals that are used as input to a number of critical decision processes. To conform with privacy and confidentiality requirements, these agencies are often required to release privacy-preserving versions of the data. This paper studies the release of differentially private datasets and analyzes their impact on some critical resource allocation tasks under a fairness perspective. The paper shows that, when the decisions take as input differentially private data, the noise added to achieve privacy disproportionately impacts some groups over others. The paper analyzes the reasons for these disproportionate impacts and proposes guidelines to mitigate these effects. The proposed approaches are evaluated on critical decision problems that use differentially private census data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 30th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, IJCAI 2021
EditorsZhi-Hua Zhou
PublisherInternational Joint Conferences on Artificial Intelligence
Pages560-566
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9780999241196
StatePublished - 2021
Event30th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, IJCAI 2021 - Virtual, Online, Canada
Duration: Aug 19 2021Aug 27 2021

Publication series

NameIJCAI International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence
ISSN (Print)1045-0823

Conference

Conference30th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, IJCAI 2021
Country/TerritoryCanada
CityVirtual, Online
Period8/19/218/27/21

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence

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