Dangerous dining: Surface foraging of North Atlantic right whales increases risk of vessel collisions

Susan E. Parks, Joseph D. Warren, Karen Stamieszkin, Charles A. Mayo, David Wiley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations


North Atlantic right whales are critically endangered and, despite international protection from whaling, significant numbers die from collisions with ships. Large groups of right whales migrate to the coastal waters of New England during the late winter and early spring to feed in an area with large numbers of vessels. North Atlantic right whales have the largest per capita record of vessel strikes of any large whale population in the world. Right whale feeding behaviour in Cape Cod Bay (CCB) probably contributes to risk of collisions with ships. In this study, feeding right whales tagged with archival suction cup tags spent the majority of their time just below the water's surface where they cannot be seen but are shallow enough to be vulnerable to ship strike. Habitat surveys show that large patches of right whale prey are common in the upper 5 m of the water column in CCB during spring. These results indicate that the typical spring-time foraging ecology of right whales may contribute to their high level of mortality from vessel collisions. The results of this study suggest that remote acoustic detection of prey aggregations may be a useful supplement to the management and conservation of right whales.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-60
Number of pages4
JournalBiology letters
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 23 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Endangered species
  • Foraging ecology
  • Right whale
  • Vessel collision

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences


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