Damage resistance of aluminum core honeycomb sandwich panels with carbon/epoxy face sheets

Abhendra K. Singh, Barry D Davidson, Benjamin P J Hasseldine, Alan T. Zehnder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations


The damage resistance of composite sandwich structures with eight and 16 ply quasi-isotropic, carbon/epoxy face sheets and aluminum honeycomb core is evaluated. The external damage is induced quasi-statically, using spherical steel indentors under displacement control, to be in the vicinity of the barely visible threshold. In addition to the face sheet thickness, other parameters that are varied include the core thickness, core density, face sheet layup, and indentor diameter. The effect of these parameters on the extent of damage is evaluated using the damage metrics of dent depth, dent diameter, and planar area of delamination. When dent depth or dent diameter is considered as the damage metric, specimens containing a higher density core are always found to be the most damage resistant. When planar area of delamination is considered as the damage metric, the eight ply configuration comprised of a lower density core and face sheets containing only small ply angle changes are found to be the most damage resistant. However, this configuration is found to be the least damage resistant when this damage metric is applied to the 16 ply specimens. Rather, the best delamination resistance is provided by a 16 ply configuration with a high density core and face sheets that have ±45° ply groups at the beginning and ending of their stacking sequence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2859-2876
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Composite Materials
Issue number23
StatePublished - Sep 8 2015



  • core
  • damage resistance
  • delamination
  • dent
  • face sheet
  • impact
  • low velocity
  • Quasi-static

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials

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