Crosstalk between dopamine and insulin signaling in growth control of the oyster

Yongjing Li, Liting Ren, Huiru Fu, Ben Yang, Jing Tian, Qi Li, Zhanjiang Liu, Shikai Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Neuroendocrine hormones such as dopamine and insulin/insulin-like peptides play indispensable roles in growth regulation of animals, while the interplay between dopamine and insulin signaling pathways remains largely unknown in invertebrates. In the present study, we showed that tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), the rate-limiting enzyme of dopamine synthesis, was highly expressed in all tissues of the fast-growing oysters, and gradually increased with the development, which indicated the potential role of dopamine in growth regulation. Incubated with dopamine hydrochloride and insulin-like peptide recombinant proteins in vitro induced the expression of TH, suggesting a mutual regulatory relationship between insulin and dopamine signaling. Fasting and re-feeding experiments confirmed the role of TH in food intake regulation, also provide a clue about the potential regulatory relationship between the FoxO and TH. Further luciferase assay experiment confirmed that FoxO was involved in transcriptional regulation of TH gene through binding to its specific promoter region. This work provided insights into the crosstalk between dopamine and insulin signaling in growth control of mollusks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number113895
JournalGeneral and Comparative Endocrinology
StatePublished - Nov 1 2021


  • Dopamine
  • Growth
  • Insulin-like peptide
  • TH
  • Transcriptional regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Endocrinology


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