C‐peptide as a therapy for type 1 diabetes mellitus

Rachel L. Washburn, Karl Mueller, Gurvinder Kaur, Tanir Moreno, Naima Moustaid‐moussa, Latha Ramalingam, Jannette M. Dufour

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a complex metabolic disease affecting one‐third of the United States population. It is characterized by hyperglycemia, where the hormone insulin is either not produced sufficiently or where there is a resistance to insulin. Patients with Type 1 DM (T1DM), in which the insulin‐producing beta cells are destroyed by autoimmune mechanisms, have a significantly increased risk of developing life‐threatening cardiovascular complications, even when exogenous insulin is administered. In fact, due to various factors such as limited blood glucose measurements and timing of insulin administration, only 37% of T1DM adults achieve normoglycemia. Furthermore, T1DM patients do not produce C‐peptide, a cleavage product from insulin processing. C‐ peptide has potential therapeutic effects in vitro and in vivo on many complications of T1DM, such as peripheral neuropathy, atherosclerosis, and inflammation. Thus, delivery of C‐peptide in conjunction with insulin through a pump, pancreatic islet transplantation, or genetically engineered Sertoli cells (an immune privileged cell type) may ameliorate many of the cardiovascular and vascular complications afflicting T1DM patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number270
Pages (from-to)1-24
Number of pages24
JournalBiomedicines
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • C‐peptide
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Endothelial activation
  • Endothelial dysfunction
  • Sertoli cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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