COVID-19 outcomes among people with intellectual and developmental disability living in residential group homes in New York State

Scott D. Landes, Margaret A. Turk, Margaret K. Formica, Katherine E. McDonald, J. Dalton Stevens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: People with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) may be at higher risk of severe outcomes from COVID-19. Objective: To describe COVID-19 outcomes among people with IDD living in residential groups homes in the state of New York and the general population of New York State. Methods: Data for people with IDD are from a coalition of organizations providing over half of the residential services for the state of New York, and from the New York State Department of Health. Analysis describes COVID-19 case rates, case-fatality, and mortality among people with IDD living in residential group homes and New York State through May 28, 2020. Results: People with IDD living in residential group homes were at greater risk of severe COVID-19 outcomes: case rates – 7,841 per 100,000 for people with IDD compared to 1,910 for New York State; case-fatality – 15.0% for people with IDD compared to 7.9% for New York State; and mortality rate – 1,175 per 100,000 for people with IDD compared to 151 per 100,000 for New York State. Differences in cases and mortality rate were confirmed across regions of the state, but case-fatality rate was only higher for people with IDD in and around the New York City region. Conclusions: COVID-19 appears to present a greater risk to people with IDD, especially those living in congregate settings. A full understanding of the severity of this risk will not be possible until US states begin publicly sharing all relevant data they have on COVID-19 outcomes among this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100969
JournalDisability and Health Journal
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Case-fatality
  • Cases
  • Developmental disability
  • Intellectual disability
  • Mortality
  • Residential group homes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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