Country of Birth and Language Are Uniquely Associated with Intakes of Fat, Fiber, and Fruits and Vegetables among Mexican-American Women in the United States

Jennifer Karas Montez, Karl Eschbach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

69 Scopus citations


Objective: Previous research on the relationship between diet and acculturation among Hispanics has produced inconsistent results. This study examined the association between diet, country of birth, and a language acculturation scale among Mexican-American women. Design: The study used a cross-sectional design with data from the 2000 National Health Interview Survey and its Cancer Control Module. The module was administered to one adult per household and included 17 dietary intake questions. Subjects/setting: Subjects were 1,245 nonpregnant women of Mexican descent between 25 and 64 years of age residing in the United States who were interviewed in their homes. Statistical analysis performed: Least-squares regression with sampling weights and adjustment of standard errors for survey design effects was used to estimate the associations between country of birth, language acculturation, and percent energy from fat, intake of fiber, and intake of fruits and vegetables, with statistical control for age, education, and marital status. Results: In multivariate models, US-born women consumed fewer grams of fiber per day (β=-2.44; P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)473-480
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Dietetic Association
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2008
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this