Constitutive expression of three novel catfish CXC chemokines: Homeostatic chemokines in teleost fish

Puttharat Baoprasertkul, Chongbo He, Eric Peatman, Shanzhong Zhang, Ping Li, Zhanjiang Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

85 Scopus citations


Chemokines are best known for their vital role in leukocyte chemotaxis, as part of the larger inflammatory response. Expression analysis and functional characterization of chemokines in mammalian species have often overlooked the role of these proteins under homeostatic conditions. Recent investigations of chemokine diversity in teleost fish have also centered on the immune-related functions of chemotactic cytokines, such as CXCL8 and CXCL10. While a disease-based approach to chemokines is essential to the development of remediative therapies for both human and animal infections, it may be a poor measure of the overall complexity of chemokine functions. As part of a larger effort to assess the conservation of chemokine diversity in teleost fish, we report here the identification of three novel, constitutively expressed CXC chemokines from channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). Phylogenetic analyses indicated that two of the three CXC chemokines were orthologues for mammalian CXCL12 and CXCL14, respectively. Whereas a clear orthology could not yet be established for the third CXC chemokine, it shared highest amino acid identity with mammalian CXCL2. All three CXC chemokines show expression in a wide range of tissues, and early expression during development was observed for CXCL12. The expression of this new set of catfish CXC chemokines was not induced during challenge by infection of Edwardsiella ictaluri, the causative agent of the fish pathogen enteric septicemia of catfish. In contrast to the gene duplication of CXCL12 in carp and zebrafish, Southern blot analysis indicated that all three catfish CXC chemokines exist as single copy genes in the catfish genome suggesting that gene duplication of CXC chemokines in specific teleost fish was a recent evolutionary event.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1355-1366
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Immunology
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jul 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • CXCL12
  • CXCL14
  • CXCL2
  • Catfish
  • Chemokine
  • Cytokine
  • Fish
  • Gene expression
  • Homeostatic
  • Infection
  • Inflammation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Molecular Biology


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