Confirmatory factor analysis of the parental feeding style questionnaire with a preschool sample

Katherine M. Kidwell, Cara Tomaso, Alyssa Lundahl, Timothy D. Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Purpose: Despite being widely used, there has not yet been a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) on the English version of the Parental Feeding Style Questionnaire (PFSQ). Preschool is a critical time to assess parental feeding styles, and the PFSQ is one of the few measures that can be used with young children. As such, the current study conducted the first CFA on the PFSQ in an English-speaking sample in the United States to establish preliminary evidence of its factor structure. Methods: Parents of preschoolers aged 3–5 years (N = 297; M = 33.47 years; 85.2% mothers) presenting to a pediatric dentistry office in the Midwest of the United States were recruited to participate in this cross-sectional study. Parents completed the PFSQ in the waiting room of the dental office. Robust maximum likelihood factor analyses were conducted on the PFSQ. Results: The original four-factor model was not confirmed, but rather, results provided preliminary support for a five-factor solution: Control over Eating, Instrumental Feeding, Emotional Feeding, Encouragement of Variety, and Prompting of Eating, CFI = 0.91, SRMR = 0.06, RMSEA = 0.05. Conclusions: The PFSQ is a widely used measure for assessing parental feeding styles in young children. However, the CFA indicated that the originally proposed four-factor structure did not fit well. Certain modifications to the measure were necessary to improve model fit. A five-factor model fit better, and six items were removed, reducing the original 27-item scale to 21 items. Level of evidence: Level V, cross-sectional descriptive study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)407-414
Number of pages8
JournalEating and Weight Disorders
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA)
  • Feeding style
  • Pediatric feeding styles questionnaire
  • Preschool
  • Validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


Dive into the research topics of 'Confirmatory factor analysis of the parental feeding style questionnaire with a preschool sample'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this