Computerized stress management training for HIV+ women: A pilot intervention study

Jennifer L. Browna, Peter A. Vanableb, Michael P. Careyb, Larry Elinc

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

HIV+women have unique psychosocial stressors, but few interventions have been designed for this population. To address this gap in the literature, we developed a brief, theory-guided, computer-administered, stress management intervention for HIV+women. To obtain initial evidence of the intervention's efficacy, we recruited 60 HIV+ female participants (70% African American) and randomized them to an immediate or delayed intervention condition. Psychological functioning, perceived stress, coping self-efficacy, and stress management knowledge were assessed at baseline and at a one month follow-up. Compared with the delayed treatment control group, women who received the intervention demonstrated improved stress management knowledge at the follow-up (pB0.01). However, depressive symptoms, psychological distress, perceived stress, and coping selfefficacy did not differ between the immediate and delayed intervention groups (ps>0.05). Computerized psychosocial interventions require continued refinement to meet the needs of HIV+ women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1525-1532
Number of pages8
JournalAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
Volume23
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011

Keywords

  • Computer interventions
  • Coping
  • HIV
  • Stress
  • Stress management
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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