In this paper we develop a detailed computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model of a personal ventilation (PV) setup comprising a PV nozzle, seated thermal manikin and floor diffuser, then use experimental velocity and tracer gas concentration data for the same setup to validate the CFD model. Specifically, we compare CFD results with the experimental results obtained with both a conventional round nozzle and a novel low-mixing co-flow nozzle directing a PV fresh air jet toward the breathing zone (BZ) of a seated thermal manikin in a thermally controlled chamber ventilated also by a floor diffuser behind the manikin. The CFD model shows excellent agreement with the experimental data. We then exercise the CFD model to study the effect of nozzle exit boundary conditions such as turbulence intensity and length scale, flow rate and temperature, and manikin temperature on the air quality in the BZ of the heated manikin. It is shown that the air quality of the novel PV system is sensitive to the nozzle exit turbulence intensity and flow rate, and insensitive to jet temperature within the 20-26 °C range, and to body temperature within a clo range of 0-1. A companion paper presents in detail the experimental set up and results used to validate the CFD model discussed in this paper.
- Air quality
- Personalized ventilation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Geography, Planning and Development
- Building and Construction