Composite oxygen transport membrane reactors for oxy-fuel combustion processes

Ryan Falkenstein-Smith, Matthew Rushby, Jeongmin Ahn

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

As the threat of climate change becomes paramount to our environmental security, there is a tremendous pressure to create revolutionary clean combustion technologies and methods that meet the energy demand and mitigate greenhouse gases. One solution is implementing oxygen transport membrane reactors (OTMs) in oxy-fuel combustion processes. Typically, OTMs have the ability to deliver high volumes of pure oxygen directly, reacting with incoming fuel to produce a rich exhaust that can be captured and sequestered for later use. However, OTMs could potentially react with carbon dioxide, jeopardizing its stability and novelty. In this work, an innovative and resilient composite OTM is investigated under varying gas composition, to simulate the different gas compositions that occur as a fuel stream moves through a reactor. The results show that the composite OTM was able to achieve a high oxygen permeation performance under a wide range of gas compositions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Event10th U.S. National Combustion Meeting - College Park, United States
Duration: Apr 23 2017Apr 26 2017

Other

Other10th U.S. National Combustion Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityCollege Park
Period4/23/174/26/17

Keywords

  • Carbon capture
  • Oxy-fuel combustion
  • Oxygen transport membrane reactor
  • Sequestration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Mechanical Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Falkenstein-Smith, R., Rushby, M., & Ahn, J. (2017). Composite oxygen transport membrane reactors for oxy-fuel combustion processes. Paper presented at 10th U.S. National Combustion Meeting, College Park, United States.