Comparison of Silent Gap in Noise Cortical Auditory Evoked Potentials in Matched Tinnitus and No-Tinnitus Control Subjects

Kenneth Morse, Kathy Vander Werff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose Previous research suggests the existence of gap detection impairments because of tinnitus. The current study aimed to determine whether there was objective evidence of gap impairment in individuals with tinnitus by recording silent gap in white noise cortical auditory evoked potentials (CAEPs) in a chronic tinnitus group and a no-tinnitus group. The results were compared to previous gap-evoked potential and behavioral gap detection studies. Method Chronic tinnitus and no-tinnitus groups were formed by matching pairs of subjects ( n = 26) based on age, gender, and hearing thresholds. Behaviorally determined gap detection thresholds were used to define the electrophysiological gap duration conditions of subthreshold, threshold, and suprathreshold gaps in white noise. Amplitude, latency, and area of the CAEP were analyzed by group and condition using mixed-model analyses of variance. Results Across all participants, as the duration of the gap increased, amplitude and area of the CAEP increased. There were no significant differences by tinnitus status between groups for any outcome measures, except for a significant interaction between group and gap duration for P1 latency. Conclusions Silent gap-evoked CAEPs can be recorded in adults with and without tinnitus. Amplitude and area were sensitive to gap duration across groups; latency was not. Contrary to hypotheses, there was little evidence supporting differences in gap-evoked CAEPs between the tinnitus and control groups. Stimulus and other factors that may have contributed to the lack of a group difference in the current study are discussed, as well as implications for future studies of objective measures of tinnitus perception. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.7822601.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)260-273
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican journal of audiology
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 10 2019

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Auditory Evoked Potentials
Tinnitus
Noise
Evoked Potentials
Hearing
Analysis of Variance
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Speech and Hearing

Cite this

Comparison of Silent Gap in Noise Cortical Auditory Evoked Potentials in Matched Tinnitus and No-Tinnitus Control Subjects. / Morse, Kenneth; Vander Werff, Kathy.

In: American journal of audiology, Vol. 28, No. 2, 10.06.2019, p. 260-273.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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