Comparative study of some energetic and steric parameters of the wild type and mutants HIV-1 protease: A way to explain the viral resistance

Speranta Avram, L. Movileanu, D. Mihailescu, Maria Luiza Flonta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Because, in vivo, the HIV-1 PR (HIV-1 protease) present a high mutation rate we performed a comparative study of the energetic behaviors of the wild type HIV-1 PR and four type of mutants: Val82/Asn; Val82/Asp; Gln7/Lys, Leu33/Ile, Leu63/Ile; Ala71/Thr, Val82/Ala. We suggest that the energetic fluctuation (electrostatic, van der Waals and torsion energy) of the mutants and the solvent accessible surface (SAS) values can be useful to explain the viral resistance process developed by HIV-1 PR. The number and localization of enzyme mutations induce important modifications of the van der Waals and torsional energy, while the electrostatic energy has an insignificant fluctuation. We showed that the viral resistance can be explored if the solvent accessible surfaces of the active site for the mutant structures are calculated. In this paper we have obtained the solvent accessible surface for a group of 15 mutants (11 mutants obtained by Protein Data Bank (PDB) file, 4 mutants modeled by CHARMM software) and for the wild type HIV-1 PR). Our study try to show that the number and localization of the mutations are factors which induce the HIV-1 PR viral resistance. The larger solvent accessible surface could be recorded for the point mutant Val 82/Phe.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)251-260
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Complex representation
  • Genetic code
  • Genomic signals
  • Genomics
  • Phase analysis
  • Sequence path
  • Unwrapped phase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Cell Biology

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