Comparative environmental and economic analysis of conventional and nanofluid solar hot water technologies

Todd P. Otanicar, Jay S. Golden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

134 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study compares environmental and economic impacts of using nanofluids to enhance solar collector efficiency as compared to conventional solar collectors for domestic hot water systems. Results show that for the current cost of nanoparticles the nanofluid based solar collector has a slightly longer payback period but at the end of its useful life has the same economic savings asaconventional solar collector.Thenanofluid based collector has a lower embodied energy (~9%) and approximately 3% higher levels of pollution offsets than a conventional collector. In addition if 50% penetration of residential nanofluid based solar collector systems for hot water heating could be achieved in Phoenix, Arizona over 1 million metric tons of CO2 would be offset per year.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6082-6087
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume43
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

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