Community Gun Violence as a Social Determinant of Elementary School Achievement

Dessa K Bergen-Cico, Sandra D Lane, Robert H. Keefe, David A Larsen, Anthony Panasci, Najah Salaam, Timothy Jennings-Bey, Robert A Rubinstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The association of indirect exposure to firearm-related violence and standardized test scores among third grade elementary school children were analyzed using geospatial mapping of police department data for all gunshots in Syracuse, NY (n = 2, 127) and state standardized test scores from 2009-2015. Confirmed gunshots were geocoded and mapped across the city and neighborhood school catchment areas. Third grade standardized New York State test scores for English Language Arts (ELA) and math were coded as dichotomous variables of proficient and below proficient scores. State standardized test scores for ELA and math were found to be 50% lower in the elementary schools located within higher concentration gunshot areas, than in elementary schools in lower gunshot areas. Higher levels of gun violence within school catchment areas were significantly associated with higher rates of ELA and math failure (p ≤.05). These findings suggest that community violence may be an important, though under recognized, social determinant of poor school performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)439-448
Number of pages10
JournalSocial Work in Public Health
Volume33
Issue number7-8
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 17 2018

Fingerprint

Firearms
Violence
elementary school
Language Arts
determinants
violence
English language
community
art
school grade
school
Geographic Mapping
schoolchild
Police
police
performance

Keywords

  • Community violence
  • educational attainment
  • school failure
  • social determinants of health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Community Gun Violence as a Social Determinant of Elementary School Achievement. / Bergen-Cico, Dessa K; Lane, Sandra D; Keefe, Robert H.; Larsen, David A; Panasci, Anthony; Salaam, Najah; Jennings-Bey, Timothy; Rubinstein, Robert A.

In: Social Work in Public Health, Vol. 33, No. 7-8, 17.11.2018, p. 439-448.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bergen-Cico, Dessa K ; Lane, Sandra D ; Keefe, Robert H. ; Larsen, David A ; Panasci, Anthony ; Salaam, Najah ; Jennings-Bey, Timothy ; Rubinstein, Robert A. / Community Gun Violence as a Social Determinant of Elementary School Achievement. In: Social Work in Public Health. 2018 ; Vol. 33, No. 7-8. pp. 439-448.
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