Combustion characterization and model fuel development for micro-tubular flame-assisted fuel cells

Ryan J. Milcarek, Michael J. Garrett, Amrish Baskaran, Jeongmin Ahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Combustion based power generation has been accomplished for many years through a number of heat engine systems. Recently, a move towards small scale power generation and micro combustion as well as development in fuel cell research has created new means of power generation that combine solid oxide fuel cells with open flames and combustion exhaust. Instead of relying upon the heat of combustion, these solid oxide fuel cell systems rely on reforming of the fuel via combustion to generate syngas for electrochemical power generation. Procedures were developed to assess the combustion by-products under a wide range of conditions. While theoretical and computational procedures have been developed for assessing fuel-rich combustion exhaust in these applications, experimental techniques have also emerged. The experimental procedures often rely upon a gas chromatograph or mass spectrometer analysis of the flame and exhaust to assess the combustion process as a fuel reformer and means of heat generation. The experimental techniques developed in these areas have been applied anew for the development of the micro-tubular flame-assisted fuel cell. The protocol discussed in this work builds on past techniques to specify a procedure for characterizing fuel-rich combustion exhaust and developing a model fuel-rich combustion exhaust for use in flame-assisted fuel cell testing. The development of the procedure and its applications and limitations are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere54638
JournalJournal of Visualized Experiments
Volume2016
Issue number116
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2 2016

Keywords

  • Combustion characterization
  • Engineering
  • Fuel-rich combustion
  • Gas chromatograph
  • Issue 116
  • Mechanical engineering
  • Micro-tubular flame-assisted fuel cell
  • Micro-tubular solid oxide fuel cell
  • Partial oxidation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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