Cloning and characterization of the heart muscle isoform of Sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase (SERCA) from crayfish

Dongdong Chen, Zhiping Zhang, Michele G. Wheatly, Yongping Gao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper describes the cloning and functional characterization of the heart muscle isoform of Sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA) from crayfish Procambarus clarkii. The complete crayfish heart SERCA, identified by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE), consists of 4495 bp with a 3060 bp open reading frame, coding for 1020 amino acids. This isoform differs from the previously identified axial abdominal (tail) muscle SERCA solely in its C-terminal amino acids. The last nine amino acids of the tail muscle isoform are replaced by 27 hydrophobic amino acids in the heart isoform that have the potential to form an additional transmembrane domain. Consistent with other invertebrate studies, Southern blot analysis suggested that the heart and tail muscle isoforms are encoded from the same gene that is equally related to SERCA-1, -2 and -3 of vertebrates. The tissue distributions of these two isoforms have been assessed using isoform-specific probes and northern analysis. A cardiac-specific probe bound only to a 5.8 kb species in heart and had minimal cross-hybridization with 7.6 and 5.8 kb species in eggs and no hybridization with tail muscle. A tail-isoform-specific probe hybridized with a 4.5 kb species in tail muscle and cross-hybridized with a 4.5 kb species in eggs and 8.8 kb in heart muscle. Both isoforms are expressed in eggs suggesting that transcripts are formed early in development and are subsequently broadly expressed in all tissue types. Expression of the cardiac muscle SERCA isoform varied with the stage of moulting. Expression was high in intermoult and decreased in premoult. However, expression was restored rapidly in postmoult (within 2 days) unlike expression of tail muscle SERCA, which remained downregulated for weeks. Differences in contractility between the two muscle types in the postmoult period may explain these expression patterns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2677-2686
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Experimental Biology
Volume205
Issue number17
StatePublished - Sep 1 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Crayfish
  • Heart muscle
  • Moulting cycle
  • Procambarus clarkii
  • Tissue specific distribution
  • cDNA sequence
  • mRNA expression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Physiology
  • Aquatic Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Insect Science

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