Clinically Applied Biomaterials: Soft Tissue

Shelby Buffington, Mary Beth Browning, Elizabeth Cosgriff-Hernández

Research output: Chapter in Book/Entry/PoemChapter


So tissues are dened as tissues that connect, support, or surround other structures and organs such as tendons, ligaments, skin, muscles, and blood vessels. Two of the primary components of so tissues are elastin and collagen. Elastin provides elasticity to the tissues and collagen provides form and strength [1]. ese tissues are incompressible, are generally anisotropic, and oen demonstrate viscoelastic properties such as stress relaxation, creep, and hysteresis. Annually, several million Americans are aicted with so tissue loss due to trauma or disease. Treatment options include reconstruction with tissue gras and prosthetics [2]. e rst step to adequately replacing a tissue is to determine the physiological loadings and native mechanical properties [1]. e physical properties of the biomaterial can then be designed to match the native tissue by selecting appropriate material properties. Fabrication and processing techniques strongly inuence gra properties and can be used to further tune properties to match the target tissue [3, 4].

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBiomedical Technology and Devices, Second Edition
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9781439860618
ISBN (Print)9781439859599
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Social Sciences
  • General Engineering


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