Chemical Signals of Synthetic Disaccharide Derivatives Dominate Rhamnolipids at Controlling Multiple Bacterial Activities

Nischal Singh, Gauri S. Shetye, Hewen Zheng, Jiayue Sun, Yan Yeung Luk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Microbes secrete molecules that modify their environment. Here, we demonstrate a class of synthetic disaccharide derivatives (DSDs) that mimics and dominates the activity of naturally secreted rhamnolipids by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The DSDs exhibit the dual function of activating and inhibiting the swarming motility through a concentration-dependent activity reversal that is characteristic of signaling molecules. Whereas DSDs tethered with a saturated farnesyl group exhibit inhibition of both biofilm formation and swarming motility, with higher activities than rhamnolipids, a saturated farnesyl tethered with a sulfonate group only inhibits swarming motility but promote biofilm formation. These results identified important structural elements for controlling swarming motility, biofilm formation, and bacterial adhesion and suggest an effective chemical approach to control intertwined signaling processes that are important for biofilm formation and motilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)102-111
Number of pages10
JournalChemBioChem
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • biofilms
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • rhamnolipids
  • swarming

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology

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