Chemical properties of upland forest soils in the Catskills region.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Catskills forest provides a valuable array of ecosystem services for local and regional populations, including the provision of forest products, wildlife habitats, and high-quality water. These services depend on chemical and biological processes that occur in forest soils. In 2011, we sampled soils in 25 headwater catchments in the Catskills region to quantify the pools of soil nutrients and examine the variation in soil properties in the region. The average soil depth in the 50 excavated pits was 56.6 cm. Average soil mass was 205 kg/m(2). The pools of soil carbon and nitrogen averaged 58.5 and 3.95 Mg/ha, respectively. The thin organic horizons accounted for less than 1% of soil mass, but included 14% of the soil carbon and 11% of soil nitrogen. Catskills forest soils are highly acidic, with mean pH ranging between 3.9 and 4.75. Base saturation was high (>60%) in organic horizons and low (12-31%) in mineral soils. The pool of exchangeable calcium is approximately equivalent to 20 years of calcium export from headwater streams, raising concerns regarding the ability of these catchments to maintain current stream calcium concentrations. The data and samples collected in this study provide a baseline for future soil monitoring in the region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30-42
Number of pages13
JournalAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Volume1298
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

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Chemical properties
Soil
Soils
Calcium
Forests
Chemical Properties
Uplands
Catchments
Ecosystem
Nitrogen
Carbon
Chemical Phenomena
Biological Phenomena
Water Quality
Ecosystems
Nutrients
Water quality
Minerals
Food

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • History and Philosophy of Science

Cite this

Chemical properties of upland forest soils in the Catskills region. / Johnson, Chris E.

In: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 1298, 01.01.2013, p. 30-42.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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