Characterization and expression of plasma membrane Ca2+ ATPase (PMCA3) in the crayfish Procambarus clarkii antennal gland during molting

Yongping Gao, Michele G. Wheatly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


The discontinuous pattern of crustacean cuticular mineralization (the molting cycle) has emerged as a model system to study the spatial and temporal regulation of genes that code for Ca2+-transporting proteins including pumps, channels and exchangers. The plasma membrane Ca 2+-ATPase (PMCA) is potentially of significant interest due to its role in the active transport of Ca2+ across the basolateral membrane, which is required for routine maintenance of intracellular Ca2+ as well as unidirectional Ca2+ influx. Prior research has suggested that PMCA expression is upregulated during periods of elevated Ca2+ influx associated with postmolt cuticular mineralization. This paper describes the cloning, sequencing and functional characterization of a novel PMCA3 gene from the antennal gland (kidney) of the crayfish Procambarus clarkii. The complete sequence, the first obtained from a non-genetic invertebrate species, was obtained through reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) techniques. Crayfish PMCA3 consists of 4148 bp with a 3546 bp open reading frame coding for 1182 amino acid residues with a molecular mass of 130 kDa. It exhibits 77.5-80.9% identity at the mRNA level and 85.3-86.9% identity at the protein level with PMCA3 from human, mouse and rat. Membrane topography was typical of published mammalian PMCAs. Northern blot analysis of total RNA from crayfish gill, antennal gland, cardiac muscle and axial abdominal muscle revealed that a 7.5 kb species was ubiquitous. The level of PMCA3 mRNA expression in all tissues (transporting epithelia and muscle) increased significantly in pre/postmolt stages compared with relatively low abundance in intermolt. Western analysis confirmed corresponding changes in PMCA protein expression (130 kDa).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2991-3002
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Experimental Biology
Issue number17
StatePublished - Aug 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Antennal gland
  • Axial abdominal muscle
  • Calcium transport
  • Cardiac muscle
  • Crayfish
  • Gill
  • PMCA
  • Plasma membrane calcium ATPase
  • Procambarus clarkii

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Physiology
  • Aquatic Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Insect Science


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