Changing climate increases discharge and attenuates its seasonal distribution in the northeastern United States

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Study region: The Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest is well-established as a Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) site for climate change and anthropogenic impacts studies on hydrological processes. It is located at the headwater regions of the Merrimack Watershed, the fourth largest basin in New England, USA. The watershed is mostly forested (67%) with some developed regions (16%). Study focus: We assessed the scale-dependency of streamflow response to climate variation, river regulation, and development for dry, average, and wet years using long-term precipitation and discharge records. New hydrological insights for the region: The effects of basin scale were limited to discharges with exceedance probability less than 15% and greater than 60% and were expressed as lagged discharge in large sub-basins and earlier discharge in small catchments. Annual discharge responded to increases in annual precipitation but not to river regulation or land development. In general, the temporal trends showed less discharge in dry and greater discharge in wet hydrologic flow classes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)164-178
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Hydrology: Regional Studies
Volume5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

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climate
basin
watershed
climate variation
distribution
river
headwater
streamflow
catchment
climate change
regulation

Keywords

  • Climate change
  • Hydrologic indicator
  • Land development
  • Merrimack river
  • Northeastern United States
  • Scale dependency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

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title = "Changing climate increases discharge and attenuates its seasonal distribution in the northeastern United States",
abstract = "Study region: The Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest is well-established as a Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) site for climate change and anthropogenic impacts studies on hydrological processes. It is located at the headwater regions of the Merrimack Watershed, the fourth largest basin in New England, USA. The watershed is mostly forested (67{\%}) with some developed regions (16{\%}). Study focus: We assessed the scale-dependency of streamflow response to climate variation, river regulation, and development for dry, average, and wet years using long-term precipitation and discharge records. New hydrological insights for the region: The effects of basin scale were limited to discharges with exceedance probability less than 15{\%} and greater than 60{\%} and were expressed as lagged discharge in large sub-basins and earlier discharge in small catchments. Annual discharge responded to increases in annual precipitation but not to river regulation or land development. In general, the temporal trends showed less discharge in dry and greater discharge in wet hydrologic flow classes.",
keywords = "Climate change, Hydrologic indicator, Land development, Merrimack river, Northeastern United States, Scale dependency",
author = "Rouzbeh Berton and Driscoll, {Charles T} and Chandler, {David G}",
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language = "English (US)",
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journal = "Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Changing climate increases discharge and attenuates its seasonal distribution in the northeastern United States

AU - Berton, Rouzbeh

AU - Driscoll, Charles T

AU - Chandler, David G

PY - 2016/3/1

Y1 - 2016/3/1

N2 - Study region: The Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest is well-established as a Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) site for climate change and anthropogenic impacts studies on hydrological processes. It is located at the headwater regions of the Merrimack Watershed, the fourth largest basin in New England, USA. The watershed is mostly forested (67%) with some developed regions (16%). Study focus: We assessed the scale-dependency of streamflow response to climate variation, river regulation, and development for dry, average, and wet years using long-term precipitation and discharge records. New hydrological insights for the region: The effects of basin scale were limited to discharges with exceedance probability less than 15% and greater than 60% and were expressed as lagged discharge in large sub-basins and earlier discharge in small catchments. Annual discharge responded to increases in annual precipitation but not to river regulation or land development. In general, the temporal trends showed less discharge in dry and greater discharge in wet hydrologic flow classes.

AB - Study region: The Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest is well-established as a Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) site for climate change and anthropogenic impacts studies on hydrological processes. It is located at the headwater regions of the Merrimack Watershed, the fourth largest basin in New England, USA. The watershed is mostly forested (67%) with some developed regions (16%). Study focus: We assessed the scale-dependency of streamflow response to climate variation, river regulation, and development for dry, average, and wet years using long-term precipitation and discharge records. New hydrological insights for the region: The effects of basin scale were limited to discharges with exceedance probability less than 15% and greater than 60% and were expressed as lagged discharge in large sub-basins and earlier discharge in small catchments. Annual discharge responded to increases in annual precipitation but not to river regulation or land development. In general, the temporal trends showed less discharge in dry and greater discharge in wet hydrologic flow classes.

KW - Climate change

KW - Hydrologic indicator

KW - Land development

KW - Merrimack river

KW - Northeastern United States

KW - Scale dependency

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