Carbon Deactivation of Fischer-Tropsch Ruthenium Catalyst

Suryanarayana Mukkavilll, Lawrence L. Tavlarldes, Charles V. Wlttmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Carbon deactivation of a 0.5 wt % Ru/ϒ-AI2O3 surface-impregnated catalyst was studied by using a Berty continuous-stirred, gas-solid reactor (CSGSR)-gas chromatograph setup. The experimental variables were as follows: temperature, 473-573 K; pressure, 2-6 atm; weight hourly space velocity, 0.85, 16.5 h-1; H2/CO feed ratio, 3 and 2; and synthesis time, 0.5-5 h. Carbon deposited in a synthesis run was measured by integrating the methane evolution profile during catalyst reduction at 723 K in H2. Significant amounts of carbon were deposited, increasing to several monolayers during 5-h synthesis periods. The methanation rate decreased as the synthesis continued, while the selectivity for C2-C4 hydrocarbons showed a maximum during the initial stages of deactivation. The kinetic data could be correlated by assuming both hydrogen-assisted CO dissociation and hydrogenation of surface carbon to be rate determining. The turnover numbers for methanation (NCH4) and carbon deposition (NC/Ru) are given by eq 3 and 4.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)487-494
Number of pages8
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Process Design and Development
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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