Carbomolybdate clusters formed by carbonyl insertion into molybdenum-oxygen bonds. Structural investigation of the [RMo4O15X]3- core (R C9H4O, X OCH3; R C14H10, X C7H5O2; R C14H8, X OH)

Chen Qin, Liu Shuncheng, Zhu Huizhe, Zubieta Jon

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[C4H9)4N]2[Mo2O7] reacts with a variety of organic species containing α-diketone groups to give tetranuclear complexes of general composition [RMo4O15X]3-. The complexes [(C4H9)4N]3[(C9H4O)Mo4O15(OCH3)] (I), [(C4H9)4N]3[(C14H10)Mo4O15(C6H5CO2)] (11) and [(C4H9)4N]3[(C14H8)Mo4O15(OH)] (III) were synthesized from the reactions of dimolybdate with ninhydrin, benzil and phenanthraquinone, respectively. Complex II may also be prepared from dimolybdate and benzoin in acetonitrile-methanol solution, from which it co-crystallizes with the binuclear species [(C4H9)4N]2[Mo2O5(C6H5C(O)C(O)C6H5)2] · CH3CN · CH3OH (IV). Complexes I-III exhibit the tetranuclear core, previously described for the α-glyoxal derivatives [(C4H9)4N]3[(HCCH)Mo4O15X], where X F- or HCO2-. The ligands may be formally described as diketals, formed by insertion of ligand carbonyl subunits into molybdenum-oxygen bonds. The structures I-III differ most dramatically in the identity and coordination mode of the anionic ligand X- which occupies a position opposite the diketal moiety relative to the [Mo4O11]2+ central cage. Thus, I exhibits a doubly bridging methoxy group in this position, while II possesses a benzoate ligand with an unusual μ3-O,O′coordination mode. Complex III presents a hydroxy-group unsymmetrically bonded to three of the molybdenum centres. The stereochemical consequences of the various coordination modes are discussed. Crystal data: Compound I, monoclinic space group Pc, a = 24.888(2), b = 12.897(3), c = 24.900(3) Å, β = 101.94(2)°, Dcalc = 1.28 g cm-1 for Z = 4. Structure solution and refinement based on 8695 reflections with Fo ≥ 6σ(Fo) (Mo-Kα, λ = 0.71073 Å) converged at a conventional discrepancy factor of 0.060. Compound II, orthorhombic space group Pbca, a = 20.426(6), b = 26.916(6), c = 32.147(7) Å, V = 17673.2(20) Å3, Dcalc = 1.33 g cm-3 for Z = 8; 5224 reflections, R = 0.076. Compound III, tetragonal space group I41/a, a = b = 48.129(6), c = 13.057(2) Å, V = 30246.2(12) Å3, Dcalc = 1.35 g cm-3 for Z = 16; 5554 reflections, R = 0.053. Compound IV, orthorhombic space group Pnca, a = 16.097(4), b = 16.755(4), c = 25.986(7) Å, V = 7008.1(13) Å3, Z = 4, Dcalc = 1.18 g cm-3 ; 2944 reflections, R = 0.061.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2915-2923
Number of pages9
Issue number24
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Carbomolybdate clusters formed by carbonyl insertion into molybdenum-oxygen bonds. Structural investigation of the [RMo<sub>4</sub>O<sub>15</sub>X]<sup>3-</sup> core (R C<sub>9</sub>H<sub>4</sub>O, X OCH<sub>3</sub>; R C<sub>14</sub>H<sub>10</sub>, X C<sub>7</sub>H<sub>5</sub>O<sub>2</sub>; R C<sub>14</sub>H<sub>8</sub>, X OH)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

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