This paper studies the characterization of the optimal input and the computation of the capacity of additive quadrature Gaussian mixture (GM) noise channels under an average power constraint. The considered model can be used to represent a wide variety of channels with impulsive interference, such as the well-known Bernoulli-Gaussian and Middleton class-A impulsive noise channels, as well as multiple-access interference channels and cognitive radio channels under imperfect sensing. At first, we demonstrate that there exists a unique input distribution that achieves the channel capacity, and the capacity-achieving input distribution has a uniformly distributed phase. By examining the Kuhn-Tucker alignment conditions (KTCs), we further show that, if the optimal input amplitude distribution contains an infinite number of mass points on a bounded interval, the channel output must be Gaussian-distributed. However, by using Bernstein's theorem to examine the completely monotonic condition, it is shown that the assumption of a Gaussian-distributed output is not valid. As a result, there are always a finite number of mass points on any bounded interval in the optimal amplitude distribution. In addition, by applying a novel bounding technique on the KTC and using the envelop theorem, we demonstrate that the optimal amplitude distribution cannot have an infinite number of mass points. This gives us the unique solution of the optimal input having discrete amplitude with a finite number of mass points. Given this discrete nature of the optimal input, we then develop a simple method to compute the discrete optimal input and the corresponding capacity. Our numerical examples show that, in many cases, the capacity-achieving distribution consists of only one or two mass points.
- Capacity-achieving distribution
- Discrete input
- Impulsive interference
- Shannon capacity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering