Business model dynamics: A case survey

Mark de Reuver, Harry Bouwman, Ian MacInnes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations


In the turbulent world of e-commerce, companies can only survive by continuously reinventing their business models. However, because most studies look at business models as snapshots in time, there is little insight into how changing market-related, technological and regulatory conditions generally drive revisions in business models. In this paper, we examine which types of external drivers are strongest in forcing business models to change throughout their life cycle. To do so, we study 45 longitudinal case descriptions on business model dynamics of (networks of) organizations in various industries. The results of this survey indicate that technological and market-related forces are the most important drivers of business model dynamics, while regulation plays only a minor role. In particular for start-ups, the effect of technological and market-related drivers is the strongest in the early stages of a new business model, while the effects are moderate over time for established, large companies. Our results provide clues to practitioners on what external factors to take into account in different stages of business model design and redesign.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2009


  • Business model design
  • Business model dynamics
  • Business models
  • Case survey
  • Start-ups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Business, Management and Accounting
  • Computer Science Applications


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