Business and sustainability: The Camisea Project in the Peruvian Amazon basin

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2 Scopus citations


Purpose: This book chapter examines the social and environmental costs resulting from natural gas exploitation in the Peruvian Amazon basin with a special focus on the case of the 'Camisea Natural Gas Project Block 88' in the Peruvian Amazon basin.

Methodology/approach: This research drew from a comprehensive source of secondary literature data on the Camisea Project Block 88, complemented by an ethnographic research approach based upon observation, conversation and semi-structure interviews with native community members of the indigenous communities of Shivancoreni and Shimmaa in Cusco-Peru.

Findings: The study's findings illustrate that it is evident that the threats from hydrocarbon development endangers the habitat of indigenous communities and accelerate the destruction of the Peruvian Amazon basin. A business commitment towards a sustainable investment approach coupled with reinforcing and adopting appropriate laws and regulations concerning the environmental protection of the Amazon basin are required in order to preserve one of the most diverse and threatened biological place in the world - the Amazon.

Social implications: The Amazon is the largest natural biodiversity reserve in South America. Yet, it has experienced habitat degradation and displacement of various indigenous tribes of Amazon. As a result, the legacy of indigenous knowledge and the sustenance of indigenous peoples' habitat are at stake.

Originality/value of the chapter: This study provides historical context for the hydrocarbon sector of Peru, particularly in the Peruvian Amazon basin. It also provides insights into the Peruvian hydrocarbon law and regulations and the implications, roles and responsibilities of multinational natural gas companies and their environmental impacts of their business operations in Peru.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-240
Number of pages26
JournalCritical Studies on Corporate Responsibility, Governance and Sustainability
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Camisea Project
  • Hydrocarbon
  • Natural gas
  • Peruvian Amazon
  • Pipelines and oil spillage
  • Sustainable development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Business, Management and Accounting


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