Auxetic Composite Laminates with Through-Thickness Negative Poisson’s Ratio for Mitigating Low Velocity Impact Damage: A Numerical Study

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Abstract

Auxetic materials are those that exhibit negative Poisson’s ratios. Such a unique property was shown to improve the indentation and impact resistances. Angle-ply composite laminates can be designed to produce negative Poisson’s ratio at the laminate level due to the large anisotropicity of the individual layer and the strain mismatch between adjacent layers. This paper investigates the effect of through-thickness negative Poisson’s ratio on the low velocity impact behaviors of carbon fiber reinforced polymer matrix composite laminates, including the global impact behaviors, as well as the delamination, and the fiber and matrix damage. Results from numerical investigations show consistently reduced fiber and matrix tensile damage in the auxetic laminate in all plies, in comparison to the non-auxetic counterpart laminates (up to 40% on average). However, the auxetic laminate does not present a clear advantage on mitigating the delamination damage or the matrix compressive damage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6963
JournalMaterials
Volume15
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2022

Keywords

  • auxetic composite laminates
  • carbon fiber composite
  • finite element analysis
  • low velocity impact
  • negative Poisson’s ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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