Autonomous Human Activity Classification from Wearable Multi-Modal Sensors

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

There has been significant amount of research work on human activity classification relying either on Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) data or data from static cameras providing a third-person view. There has been relatively less work using wearable cameras, providing first-person or egocentric view, and even fewer approaches combining egocentric video with IMU data. Using only IMU data limits the variety and complexity of the activities that can be detected. For instance, the sitting activity can be detected by IMU data, but it cannot be determined whether the subject has sat on a chair or a sofa, or where the subject is. To perform fine-grained activity classification, and to distinguish between activities that cannot be differentiated by only IMU data, we present an autonomous and robust method using data from both wearable cameras and IMUs. In contrast to convolutional neural network-based approaches, we propose to employ capsule networks to obtain features from egocentric video data. Moreover, Convolutional Long Short Term Memory framework is employed both on egocentric videos and IMU data to capture the temporal aspect of actions. We also propose a genetic algorithm-based approach to autonomously and systematically set various network parameters, rather than using manual settings. Experiments have been conducted to perform 9- and 26-label activity classification, and the proposed method, using autonomously set network parameters, has provided very promising results, achieving overall accuracies of 86.6% and 77.2%, respectively. The proposed approach, combining both modalities, also provides increased accuracy compared to using only egovision data and only IMU data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8794564
Pages (from-to)11403-11412
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Sensors Journal
Volume19
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

Keywords

  • Activity classification
  • capsule network
  • egocentric
  • egovision
  • genetic algorithm
  • IMU data

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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