Autonomous and directed cultural change: South African urbanization.

J. Western

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


To study the interactive relationship between cities and culture in South Africa, the author distinguishes between autonomous and directed cultural change. In their attempt to achieve political ends, Afrikaners and their Nationalist Party had to modify culture, and have greatly altered the process of urbanisation in respect of not only Black Africans but also the Coloured and Afrikaners themselves. The impact of directed cultural change has been particularly evident in social patterning, overwhelming the allocation processes of the market. -after Author

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)205-236
Number of pages32
JournalUnknown Journal
StatePublished - 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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