Attention-deficit/hyperactivity symptoms and loss of control eating in emerging adults: Role of psychological resilience

Megan A. Milligan, Alexa G. Deyo, Alison Vrabec, Matthew Snyder, Katherine M. Kidwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: This study aimed to fill a gap in the literature regarding the role of resilience in the relationship between symptoms of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and loss of control (LOC) eating in a nonclinical sample of emerging adults. Resilience was examined as a potential moderator and as a potential mediator of ADHD symptoms and engagement in LOC eating behaviors. Improved understanding of this relationship may inform clinical intervention and risk screening methodologies for disordered eating behaviors in college students. Methods: Participants were undergraduate students (N = 386) from a private university in the northeastern United States. Linear regression analysis examined whether greater ADHD symptoms related to greater LOC eating. Pathway analyses examined resilience as either a moderator or mediator of the relationship between ADHD symptoms and LOC eating. Results: A direct positive relationship was found between ADHD symptoms and LOC eating (p < .05). Resilience partially mediated this relationship, such that increased ADHD symptoms indirectly related to increased LOC eating through low resilience (p < .05). Conclusion: Findings indicate that undergraduate students with greater ADHD symptoms engaged in more frequent LOC eating, and that low resilience was a partial mediator of this positive relationship.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101901
JournalEating Behaviors
StatePublished - Aug 2024


  • ADHD symptomatology
  • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
  • Emerging adults
  • Loss of control eating
  • Resilience

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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