Atomistically informed mesoscale model of alpha-helical protein domains

Jeremie Bertaud, Zhao Qin, Markus J. Buehler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Multiscale mechanical properties of biological protein materials have been the focal point of extensive investigations over the past decades. In this article, we present the development of a mesoscale model of alpha-helical (AH) protein domains, key constituents in a variety of biological materials, including cells, hair, hooves, and wool. Our model, derived solely from results of full atomistic simulations, is suitable to describe the deformation and fracture mechanics over multiple orders of magnitude in time- and length scales. After validation of the mesoscale model against atomistic simulation results, we present two case studies, in which we investigate, first, the effect of the length of an AH protein domain on its strength properties, and second, the effect of the length of two parallel AH protein domain arrangement on its shear strength properties and deformation mechanisms. We find that longer AHs feature a reduced tensile strength, whereas the tensile strength is maximized for ultrashort protein structures. Moreover, we find that the shearing of two parallel AHs engenders sliding, rather than AH unfolding, and that the shear strength does not significantly depend on the length of the two AHs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)237-250
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal for Multiscale Computational Engineering
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 13 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Biological protein materials
  • Deformation
  • Experiment
  • Fracture
  • Hierarchical material
  • Materiomics
  • Multiscale modeling
  • Nanomechanics
  • Simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Computational Mechanics
  • Computer Networks and Communications

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