“At Risk of Collapse”

Research output: Chapter in Book/Entry/PoemChapter


In the 2001–2006 period Asrar’s situation deteriorated. While Asrar got sea-level rise satellites up, along with the three larger satellites that had emerged from the EOS downsizing, he had serious funding problems assuring future missions. Also, Goldin sought to shift EOS climate follow-ons to NOAA and its huge weather satellite system, NPOESS (National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System). The Jason-2 wide-swath technology failed to develop. James Hansen sounded the alarm on climate change and criticized scientists for “reticence,” especially about sea-level rise. When NASA Administrator Sean O’Keefe reorganized Earth Sciences under a Science Directorate, Asrar’s science constituency saw his influence falling. O’Keefe’s successor, Michael (Mike) Griffin, seemed to question whether NASA should even do climate change work. Outside NASA, scientists revolted and got a National Academy of Sciences National Research Council (NRC) Decadal Survey underway lest the Earth Science program “collapse” in their word.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPalgrave Studies in the History of Science and Technology
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Number of pages14
StatePublished - 2023

Publication series

NamePalgrave Studies in the History of Science and Technology
VolumePart F1542
ISSN (Print)2730-972X
ISSN (Electronic)2730-9738


  • James Hansen
  • Michael (Mike) Griffin
  • National Academy of Sciences National Research Council (NRC) Survey
  • Sean O’Keefe
  • The National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History
  • History and Philosophy of Science


Dive into the research topics of '“At Risk of Collapse”'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this