Assumption Violations in Forced-Choice Recognition Judgments: Implications from the Area Theorem

David Kellen, Henrik Singmann, Sharon Chen, Samuel Winiger

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Trials in a two-alternative forced-choice (2AFC) recognition-memory task require individuals to choose the stimulus in a pair that they deem as having been previously studied. Because of the relative nature of the judgments made, 2AFC trials are typically considered to be free from response biases concerning the old/new status of stimuli. Recent studies have suggested that this assumption is incorrect, and individuals often resort to single-stimulus old-new (ON) judgments instead. The present study tests this claim by joint modeling 2AFC and ON judgments using extended SDT models that include the possibility of ON contamination. Results show that the relative-judgment assumption provides an excellent account of the data, providing no support for the notion of ON contamination in typical experimental designs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 40th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, CogSci 2018
PublisherThe Cognitive Science Society
Pages596-601
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9780991196784
StatePublished - 2018
Event40th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society: Changing Minds, CogSci 2018 - Madison, United States
Duration: Jul 25 2018Jul 28 2018

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 40th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, CogSci 2018

Conference

Conference40th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society: Changing Minds, CogSci 2018
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityMadison
Period7/25/187/28/18

Keywords

  • bias
  • forced choice
  • mixture
  • Recognition memory
  • signal detection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

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