Association between estimated pulse wave velocity and the risk of stroke in middle-aged men

Sae Young Jae, Kevin S. Heffernan, Sudhir Kurl, Setor K. Kunutsor, Jari A. Laukkanen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Background: Increased aortic stiffness, assessed as carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV), contributes to cerebrovascular damage and is predictive of cerebrovascular events. Aims and methods: We sought to examine the association between estimated pulse wave velocity (ePWV), a proxy of carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity, and stroke and its subtypes (ischemic and hemorrhagic) in a prospective cohort of 2666 men (aged mean 53.1, range 42–61 years) enrolled in the Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease cohort study. Results: During a median 28-year follow-up, 471 incident stroke (397 ischemic and 94 hemorrhagic) events occurred. After adjusting for several established and emerging risk factors including age and pulse pressure, comparing the p versus bottom quartiles of ePWV, there was an increased risk of stroke (hazard ratio [HR] 2.37, 95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 1.57–3.58), ischemic stroke (HR 2.23, 95% CI, 1.42–3.50), and hemorrhagic stroke (HR 3.57, 95% CI, 1.45–8.76). Conclusion: These findings demonstrate that ePWV is independently associated with the risk of stroke in middle-aged men.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)551-555
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Stroke
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jul 2021


  • Vascular stiffness
  • blood pressure
  • cerebrovascular
  • pulse wave velocity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology


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