Aspects of self-regulation and self-structure as predictors of perceived emotional distress

Richard H. Gramzow, Constantine Sedikides, A. T. Panter, Chester A. Insko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

79 Scopus citations


Research on the link between the self and emotional distress has produced many measures that have unknown conceptual and empirical interrelations. The authors identified two classes of self-related variables shown previously to be important predictors of emotional distress. The first class, termed self-regulatory variables, included ego-resiliency, ego-control, ego-strength, and hardiness. The second class, termed self-structure variables, included self-complexity, self-discrepancy, self-consistency, self-attitude ambivalence, and role conflict. Using a two-step structural equation modeling (SEM) strategy, the authors examined first the factor structure of this set of measures. Second, they determined that Elasticity and Permeability (two self-regulatory factors) accounted for unique variance in the prediction of perceived emotional distress (Agitation and Dejection), whereas Self-Discrepancy and Self-Complexity (two self-structure factors) did not.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)188-205
Number of pages18
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology


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