ASHRAE URP-1883: Development and Analysis of the ASHRAE Global Occupant Behavior Database

Yapan Liu, Bing Dong, Tianzhen Hong, Bjarne Olesen, Thomas Lawrence, Zheng O’Neill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


In developed countries, people spend nearly 90% of their time in buildings or during transportation. Recent research studies demonstrated that occupant behaviors have a significant impact on building performance in relation to the indoor environment and energy use. This paper presents the ASHRAE Global Occupant Behavior Database which aims to advance the knowledge and understanding of realistic occupancy patterns and human-building interactions with building systems. This database includes 34 field-measured occupant behavior datasets for both commercial and residential buildings, contributed by researchers from 15 countries and 39 institutions covering 10 different climate zones. It includes occupancy patterns, occupant behaviors, indoor and outdoor environment measurements. The database is open source, a public website was developed for the users to interactively explore, query, and download datasets. This paper focuses on a detailed data analysis to investigate patterns of nine occupant behavior types, examining impacted factors such as building type, country, and climate zone. EnergyPlus simulations have been implemented based on the occupancy profiles derived from this database, and results showed overall building electricity consumption can be reduced up to around 27% in Summer and around 10% in Winter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)749-781
Number of pages33
JournalScience and Technology for the Built Environment
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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