Are vacations good for your health? The 9-year mortality experience after the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial

Brooks B Gump, Karen A. Matthews

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

91 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the risk for various causes of posttrial death associated with vacation frequency during the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial (MRFIT). Methods: Middle-aged men at high risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) were recruited for the MRFIT. As part of the questionnaires administered during the first five annual visits, men were asked whether they had had a vacation during the past year. For trial survivors (N = 12,338), the frequency of these annual vacations during the trial were used in a prospective analysis of posttrial all-cause and cause-specific mortality during the 9-year follow-up period. Results: The relative risk (RR) associated with more annual vacations during the trial was 0.83 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.71-0.97) for all-cause mortality during the 9-year follow-up period. For cause of death, the RRs were 0.71 (95% CI, 0.58-0.89) and 0.98 (95% CI, 0.78-1.23) for cardiovascular and noncardiovascular causes, respectively. The RR was 0.68 (95% CI, 0.53-0.88) for CHD (including acute myocardial infarction). These associations remained when statistical adjustments were made for possible confounding variables, including baseline characteristics (eg, income), MRFIT group assignment, and occurrence of a nonfatal cardiovascular event during the trial. Conclusions: The frequency of annual vacations by middle-aged men at high risk for CHD is associated with a reduced risk of all-cause mortality and, more specifically, mortality attributed to CHD. Vacationing may be good for your health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)608-612
Number of pages5
JournalPsychosomatic Medicine
Volume62
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Coronary Disease
Mortality
Health
Confidence Intervals
Cause of Death
Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
Survivors
Myocardial Infarction

Keywords

  • Coronary heart disease
  • Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial
  • Respite
  • Restorative behaviors
  • Vacations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Are vacations good for your health? The 9-year mortality experience after the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial. / Gump, Brooks B; Matthews, Karen A.

In: Psychosomatic Medicine, Vol. 62, No. 5, 2000, p. 608-612.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{0e76d8d6040a4cf89fa45ff2beeab8c0,
title = "Are vacations good for your health? The 9-year mortality experience after the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial",
abstract = "Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the risk for various causes of posttrial death associated with vacation frequency during the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial (MRFIT). Methods: Middle-aged men at high risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) were recruited for the MRFIT. As part of the questionnaires administered during the first five annual visits, men were asked whether they had had a vacation during the past year. For trial survivors (N = 12,338), the frequency of these annual vacations during the trial were used in a prospective analysis of posttrial all-cause and cause-specific mortality during the 9-year follow-up period. Results: The relative risk (RR) associated with more annual vacations during the trial was 0.83 (95{\%} confidence interval [CI], 0.71-0.97) for all-cause mortality during the 9-year follow-up period. For cause of death, the RRs were 0.71 (95{\%} CI, 0.58-0.89) and 0.98 (95{\%} CI, 0.78-1.23) for cardiovascular and noncardiovascular causes, respectively. The RR was 0.68 (95{\%} CI, 0.53-0.88) for CHD (including acute myocardial infarction). These associations remained when statistical adjustments were made for possible confounding variables, including baseline characteristics (eg, income), MRFIT group assignment, and occurrence of a nonfatal cardiovascular event during the trial. Conclusions: The frequency of annual vacations by middle-aged men at high risk for CHD is associated with a reduced risk of all-cause mortality and, more specifically, mortality attributed to CHD. Vacationing may be good for your health.",
keywords = "Coronary heart disease, Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial, Respite, Restorative behaviors, Vacations",
author = "Gump, {Brooks B} and Matthews, {Karen A.}",
year = "2000",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "62",
pages = "608--612",
journal = "Psychosomatic Medicine",
issn = "0033-3174",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Are vacations good for your health? The 9-year mortality experience after the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial

AU - Gump, Brooks B

AU - Matthews, Karen A.

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the risk for various causes of posttrial death associated with vacation frequency during the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial (MRFIT). Methods: Middle-aged men at high risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) were recruited for the MRFIT. As part of the questionnaires administered during the first five annual visits, men were asked whether they had had a vacation during the past year. For trial survivors (N = 12,338), the frequency of these annual vacations during the trial were used in a prospective analysis of posttrial all-cause and cause-specific mortality during the 9-year follow-up period. Results: The relative risk (RR) associated with more annual vacations during the trial was 0.83 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.71-0.97) for all-cause mortality during the 9-year follow-up period. For cause of death, the RRs were 0.71 (95% CI, 0.58-0.89) and 0.98 (95% CI, 0.78-1.23) for cardiovascular and noncardiovascular causes, respectively. The RR was 0.68 (95% CI, 0.53-0.88) for CHD (including acute myocardial infarction). These associations remained when statistical adjustments were made for possible confounding variables, including baseline characteristics (eg, income), MRFIT group assignment, and occurrence of a nonfatal cardiovascular event during the trial. Conclusions: The frequency of annual vacations by middle-aged men at high risk for CHD is associated with a reduced risk of all-cause mortality and, more specifically, mortality attributed to CHD. Vacationing may be good for your health.

AB - Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the risk for various causes of posttrial death associated with vacation frequency during the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial (MRFIT). Methods: Middle-aged men at high risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) were recruited for the MRFIT. As part of the questionnaires administered during the first five annual visits, men were asked whether they had had a vacation during the past year. For trial survivors (N = 12,338), the frequency of these annual vacations during the trial were used in a prospective analysis of posttrial all-cause and cause-specific mortality during the 9-year follow-up period. Results: The relative risk (RR) associated with more annual vacations during the trial was 0.83 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.71-0.97) for all-cause mortality during the 9-year follow-up period. For cause of death, the RRs were 0.71 (95% CI, 0.58-0.89) and 0.98 (95% CI, 0.78-1.23) for cardiovascular and noncardiovascular causes, respectively. The RR was 0.68 (95% CI, 0.53-0.88) for CHD (including acute myocardial infarction). These associations remained when statistical adjustments were made for possible confounding variables, including baseline characteristics (eg, income), MRFIT group assignment, and occurrence of a nonfatal cardiovascular event during the trial. Conclusions: The frequency of annual vacations by middle-aged men at high risk for CHD is associated with a reduced risk of all-cause mortality and, more specifically, mortality attributed to CHD. Vacationing may be good for your health.

KW - Coronary heart disease

KW - Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial

KW - Respite

KW - Restorative behaviors

KW - Vacations

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0033798374&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0033798374&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 11020089

AN - SCOPUS:0033798374

VL - 62

SP - 608

EP - 612

JO - Psychosomatic Medicine

JF - Psychosomatic Medicine

SN - 0033-3174

IS - 5

ER -