Arctic tundra fires

Natural variability and responses to climate change

Feng Sheng Hu, Philip E. Higuera, Paul Duffy, Melissa Chipman, Adrian V. Rocha, Adam M. Young, Ryan Kelly, Michael C. Dietze

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Anthropogenic climate change may result in novel disturbances to Arctic tundra ecosystems. Understanding the natural variability of tundra-fire regimes and their linkages to climate is essential in evaluating whether tundra burning has increased in recent years. Historical observations and charcoal records from lake sediments reveal a wide range of fire regimes in Arctic tundra, with fire-return intervals varying from decades to millennia. Analysis of historical data shows strong climate-fire relationships, with threshold effects of summer temperature and precipitation. Projections based on 21st-century climate scenarios suggest that annual area burned will approximately double in Alaskan tundra by the end of the century. Fires can release ancient carbon from tundra ecosystems and catalyze other biogeochemical and biophysical changes, with local to global consequences. Given the increased likelihood of tundra burning in coming decades, land managers and policy makers need to consider the ecological and socioeconomic impacts of fire in the Far North.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)369-377
Number of pages9
JournalFrontiers in Ecology and the Environment
Volume13
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

tundra
climate change
fire regime
climate
socioeconomic impact
ecosystems
ecosystem
twenty first century
ecological impact
charcoal
lacustrine deposit
socioeconomics
managers
disturbance
lakes
sediments
carbon
summer
temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology

Cite this

Hu, F. S., Higuera, P. E., Duffy, P., Chipman, M., Rocha, A. V., Young, A. M., ... Dietze, M. C. (2015). Arctic tundra fires: Natural variability and responses to climate change. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 13(7), 369-377. https://doi.org/10.1890/150063

Arctic tundra fires : Natural variability and responses to climate change. / Hu, Feng Sheng; Higuera, Philip E.; Duffy, Paul; Chipman, Melissa; Rocha, Adrian V.; Young, Adam M.; Kelly, Ryan; Dietze, Michael C.

In: Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, Vol. 13, No. 7, 01.01.2015, p. 369-377.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Hu, FS, Higuera, PE, Duffy, P, Chipman, M, Rocha, AV, Young, AM, Kelly, R & Dietze, MC 2015, 'Arctic tundra fires: Natural variability and responses to climate change', Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, vol. 13, no. 7, pp. 369-377. https://doi.org/10.1890/150063
Hu, Feng Sheng ; Higuera, Philip E. ; Duffy, Paul ; Chipman, Melissa ; Rocha, Adrian V. ; Young, Adam M. ; Kelly, Ryan ; Dietze, Michael C. / Arctic tundra fires : Natural variability and responses to climate change. In: Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 2015 ; Vol. 13, No. 7. pp. 369-377.
@article{581a36a34ff9464aa01cd097b482f36a,
title = "Arctic tundra fires: Natural variability and responses to climate change",
abstract = "Anthropogenic climate change may result in novel disturbances to Arctic tundra ecosystems. Understanding the natural variability of tundra-fire regimes and their linkages to climate is essential in evaluating whether tundra burning has increased in recent years. Historical observations and charcoal records from lake sediments reveal a wide range of fire regimes in Arctic tundra, with fire-return intervals varying from decades to millennia. Analysis of historical data shows strong climate-fire relationships, with threshold effects of summer temperature and precipitation. Projections based on 21st-century climate scenarios suggest that annual area burned will approximately double in Alaskan tundra by the end of the century. Fires can release ancient carbon from tundra ecosystems and catalyze other biogeochemical and biophysical changes, with local to global consequences. Given the increased likelihood of tundra burning in coming decades, land managers and policy makers need to consider the ecological and socioeconomic impacts of fire in the Far North.",
author = "Hu, {Feng Sheng} and Higuera, {Philip E.} and Paul Duffy and Melissa Chipman and Rocha, {Adrian V.} and Young, {Adam M.} and Ryan Kelly and Dietze, {Michael C.}",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1890/150063",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "13",
pages = "369--377",
journal = "Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment",
issn = "1540-9295",
publisher = "Ecological Society of America",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Arctic tundra fires

T2 - Natural variability and responses to climate change

AU - Hu, Feng Sheng

AU - Higuera, Philip E.

AU - Duffy, Paul

AU - Chipman, Melissa

AU - Rocha, Adrian V.

AU - Young, Adam M.

AU - Kelly, Ryan

AU - Dietze, Michael C.

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - Anthropogenic climate change may result in novel disturbances to Arctic tundra ecosystems. Understanding the natural variability of tundra-fire regimes and their linkages to climate is essential in evaluating whether tundra burning has increased in recent years. Historical observations and charcoal records from lake sediments reveal a wide range of fire regimes in Arctic tundra, with fire-return intervals varying from decades to millennia. Analysis of historical data shows strong climate-fire relationships, with threshold effects of summer temperature and precipitation. Projections based on 21st-century climate scenarios suggest that annual area burned will approximately double in Alaskan tundra by the end of the century. Fires can release ancient carbon from tundra ecosystems and catalyze other biogeochemical and biophysical changes, with local to global consequences. Given the increased likelihood of tundra burning in coming decades, land managers and policy makers need to consider the ecological and socioeconomic impacts of fire in the Far North.

AB - Anthropogenic climate change may result in novel disturbances to Arctic tundra ecosystems. Understanding the natural variability of tundra-fire regimes and their linkages to climate is essential in evaluating whether tundra burning has increased in recent years. Historical observations and charcoal records from lake sediments reveal a wide range of fire regimes in Arctic tundra, with fire-return intervals varying from decades to millennia. Analysis of historical data shows strong climate-fire relationships, with threshold effects of summer temperature and precipitation. Projections based on 21st-century climate scenarios suggest that annual area burned will approximately double in Alaskan tundra by the end of the century. Fires can release ancient carbon from tundra ecosystems and catalyze other biogeochemical and biophysical changes, with local to global consequences. Given the increased likelihood of tundra burning in coming decades, land managers and policy makers need to consider the ecological and socioeconomic impacts of fire in the Far North.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84943772938&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84943772938&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1890/150063

DO - 10.1890/150063

M3 - Review article

VL - 13

SP - 369

EP - 377

JO - Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment

JF - Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment

SN - 1540-9295

IS - 7

ER -