Anti-Atlas (Morocco) role in Neoproterozoic Western Gondwana reconstruction

Kevin P. Hefferan, Hassan Admou, Jeffrey A. Karson, Ali Saquaque

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

106 Scopus citations


Reconstruction of latest Neoproterozoic Gondwana hinges on the interpretation of the subduction and collision kinematics of Pan-African orogenic belts that rim the West African craton. The Anti-Atlas suture zone of southern Morocco has presented an enigma in this reconstruction as the inferred subduction zone polarity and age of suturing appear to be incongruous with better known West African orogens to the west (Mauretanian, Bassaride and Rokelide) and Transaharan orogens to the east (Ougarta, Tuareg, Gourma and Dahomeyan). Contrary to previous interpretations, new data from the Anti-Atlas indicate a history of late Neoproterozoic (~750-600) north-dipping subduction culminating in the (~600 Ma) collision of the Saghro magmatic arc to the north with the north-facing rifted margin of the West African craton. Thus, the Anti-Atlas suture links a ~6000-km long chain of Pan-African suture zones that essentially encircle the West African craton. The suture zones demarcate the former position of subduction zones that in all cases dipped away from the West African craton. The Anti-Atlas suture links the western and eastern segments of the Pan-African orogenic belts associated with the amalgamation of Western Gondwana. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-96
Number of pages8
JournalPrecambrian Research
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Anti-Atlas mountains
  • Gondwana
  • Neoproterozoic
  • Ophiolite
  • Pan-African

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology


Dive into the research topics of 'Anti-Atlas (Morocco) role in Neoproterozoic Western Gondwana reconstruction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this