We report an investigation of the photolysis kinetics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in aqueous solution, frozen in ice, and at air-ice interfaces. Measurements of PAHphotolysis rates inaqueoussolutionandat air-ice interfaces as a function of lamp power show that the kinetics depend nonlinearlyonphoton flux. In both media, the ratesdonot increase when lamp powers are above 0.1 W, which corresponds to total photon fluxes lower than 1013 photon cm-2 s-1 in the actinic region. This suggests that extrapolating laboratory-measured rates to expected atmospheric photon fluxes may not yield accurate lifetimes for some species. In the plateau region of the photon flux dependence, anthracene located within the ice matrix (or in liquid pockets or veins in the ice) undergoes photolysis at a similar rate to that in room temperature aqueous solution, but the rate of anthracene photolysis at air-ice interfaces is five times greater. This indicates that in order to accurately predict the lifetimes of aromatic pollutants in snow and ice, the quasi-liquid layer (QLL) must be treated separately from bulk ice.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Chemistry