Anisotropic plasmonic nanostructures for colorimetric sensing

Jingbin Zeng, Yu Zhang, Teng Zeng, Rashed Aleisa, Zhiwei Qiu, Yuzhu Chen, Jiankun Huang, Dawei Wang, Zifeng Yan, Yadong Yin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

145 Scopus citations


Colorimetric detection is important for various applications where instant and convenient read-out is needed. Because of their fascinating optical properties, plasmonic nanostructures have inspired numerous colorimetric detections for environmental contaminants, biomolecules, and pharmaceuticals. The underlying mechanism of these colorimetric sensors is that the introduction of analytes can alter the distance, spatial arrangement (orientation), size, morphology, or composition of plasmonic nanostructures, inducing distinguishable changes of spectra and color. In this review, we focus our discussion on the colorimetric detection involving anisotropic nanostructures such as nanorods, nanoplates, nanoflowers, nanobipyramids, nanoframes, and nanocubes, which exhibit many unique advantages compared to their isotropic counterparts. In addition to illustrating the design principles, sensing mechanisms, and applications of these anisotropic nanostructures-based colorimetric methods, we also discuss smart plasmonic sensors based on anisotropic nanomaterials that are used to detect external stimuli such as temperature, pH, light, magnetic field, and mechanical force.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100855
JournalNano Today
StatePublished - Jun 2020


  • Anisotropic nanostructures
  • Colorimetric
  • Detection
  • Localized surface plasmon resonance
  • Sensing
  • Shape

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • Pharmaceutical Science


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