Analysis of the curing behavior of cyanate ester resin systems

A. Osei‐Owusu, G. C. Martin, J. T. Gotro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

99 Scopus citations

Abstract

The role of metal catalysts on the curing characteristics of bisphenol A‐based cyanate ester resin systems was investigated using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, and rheological measurements. Bisphenol A dicyanate was cured with the octoates and naphthenates of zinc and manganese and with cobalt acetylacetonate at concentrations ranging from 0 to 750 ppm metal. Nonylphenol at concentrations between 0 and 8 phr was used as the cocatalyst. The results show that at metal catalyst concentrations less than 100 ppm and nonylphenol concentrations less than 4 phr, a maximum glass transition temperature of 250 to 260°C is obtained, irrespective of the type of catalyst used. For samples cured without nonylphenol, the maximum Tg was 298 to 302°C. At high catalyst concentrations, the Tg decreases with increasing catalyst concentration for the zinc catalysts, whereas no concentration effect was observed for samples cured with either manganese or cobalt. Nonylphenol was effective as a cocatalyst in achieving high conversions; however, the Tg at full conversion was found to decrease with increasing nonylphenol levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1604-1609
Number of pages6
JournalPolymer Engineering and Science
Volume31
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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