Analysis of electrophoretic behavior of cytochrome c oxidase subunits Retardation coefficient versus molecular weight in dodecyl sulfate urea gels

Russell P. Tracy, Samuel H.P. Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

1. 1.|Standard proteins were examined by electrophoresis in highly cross-linked polyacrylamide gels containing sodium dodecyl sulfate and urea. Their behavior was analyzed at a single gel concentration (by molecular weight vs. relative mobility) and at several gel concentrations (molecular weight vs. retardation coefficient). The validity of the latter method of analysis was established for this gel system. 2. 2.|Cytochrome c oxidase was subjected to analysis by this method. Compared to standards, subunits I and III showed increased free electrophoretic mobility, while that of subunit V was slightly decreased. The molecular weight values derived were: I, 44 600; II, 22 700; III, 23 500; IV, 16 900; V, 9400; VI, 7600; VII, 4300. The standard errors were all less than ±7%. 3. 3.|Isolated V and VI were analyzed by two dimensional dodecyl sulfate electrophoresis, in which the second dimension also contained urea. In contrast to their behavior when the holo-enzyme was examined, these isolated subunits V and VI no longer exchange migrating positions relative to each other during the two dimensional analysis. The molecular weight values of the isolated subunits agree with those of the holo-enzyme.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109-117
Number of pages9
JournalBBA - Protein Structure
Volume576
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 25 1979

Keywords

  • Cytochrome c oxidase subunit
  • Retardation coefficient
  • Subunit molecular weight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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